Thursday, September 11, 2008
Protein of the Day #4: apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1)
In the Plasmodium species that cause malaria, the merozoite stage must invade red blood cells. It does this using the strange apicoplast organelle, which is a much-warped descendent of a chloroplast. Apicoplast:chloroplast as Gollum:Hobbit. Anyway, one of the proteins that helps this invasion is the apical membrane antigen 1, although like most Plasmodial proteins not that much is known about it.